posted on MON 26 JAN 2015 4:01 PMDispatches from the Field: Final Day Meetings and Press Conference in Haiti
Council members’ third and final day (25 January) on their visit to Haiti began with two meetings. First, Council members met with the “Core Group” (Brazil, Canada, France, Spain, the US, the EU, and the Organization of American States), the ambassadors of Council members with representation in Haiti, and representatives of the troop contributing and police-contributing countries, to continue the Council’s discussion over the future configuration of UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) and changes in its personnel structure. This was followed by a meeting with women’s groups, where Council members praised the role of women in promoting peace and stability in Haiti.
Council members then visited the Haitian National Police Academy. Minister of Justice Pierre Richard Casimir addressed Council members, noting that the current visit demonstrates the international community’s commitment to Haiti. He further ensured Council members that free and fair elections will take place but noted that historically election periods have been prone to instability. In this regard, he pleaded with Council members not to drawdown MINUSTAH’s current troop levels. Finally, he conveyed Haiti’s gratitude for MINUSTAH’s contribution towards building Haiti’s national police, and emphasised the importance of police training for Haiti’s future. The Police Director-General also addressed Council members and thanked MINUSTAH for its support. He said that the security in the country had improved as had police capabilities, as proven by the response to recent political demonstrations, which for the most part were peaceful and did not result in violent exchanges with the police. While noting that currently the Haitian police force is 12,000 officers strong, he said that the aim is to have a force of 15,000 by 2016.
After further discussion with the Haitian representatives, Council members were given a live demonstration by the Haitian police of its SWAT team conducting an arrest and a crowd control unit peacefully dispersing a demonstration.
From the Police Academy, Council members continued to the commemorative memorial for the 2010 earthquake victims at Titanyen, where many of the bodies of the victims of the earthquake were buried, and where they were greeted by the Haitian permanent representative to the UN, Denis Regis. (Accompanied by Casimir, the co-leads of the visit, Ambassadors Cristián Barros Melet (Chile) and Samantha Power (US) laid wreaths at the memorial and a moment of silence was held in honour of those lost in the earthquake.
Before departing for New York, Council members held a press conference at the MINUSTAH base in Port-au-Prince where Barros and Power addressed reporters and answered questions. Barros said that Council members had been exposed to the different perspectives on the various challenges facing Haiti. Both ambassadors said that the Council had urged the political actors to work together to ensure the holding of free, fair, transparent and inclusive elections. Power added that Council members had stressed to all actors the need to strengthen checks and balances on the use of governmental power and the need for the various political actors to acknowledge the necessity for compromise in order to move past the political impasse and work together for the benefit of the people of Haiti. Power also added that security is an important foundation for a democratic Haiti, and that the Council will continue to support the Haitian National Police and the work of MINUSTAH in this regard.
In response to questions regarding the responsibility of MINUSTAH for the lack of successful governance in Haiti and the Council’s position on the current crisis, Power said that it is not for the Security Council to dictate to Haiti how to resolve its political issues, but that the UN and the international community will continue to support Haitian-led efforts. Council members were also asked about the future of MINUSTAH and iwhether, in the absence of an acute security situation, peacekeepers are still needed in Haiti, as well to comment on Casimir’s request to maintain current troop levels until after the elections. Barros responded that it is too early to reach any conclusions at this stage and the Security Council will have to look at this issue in the coming months. He added, however, that the visit had given Council members more information on this issue and that such an assessment can take place after the Council receives the next MINUSTAH report,expected in March.
It seems that several Council members found the visit to Haiti to be useful in gaining a better understanding of the political climate and the security situation, and how these two issues may affect one another. With the next Secretary-General’s report expected in March, with possible recommendations on the future of MINUSTAH, the opportunity to get a first-hand impression and receive information directly from the main actors in Haiti was seen as valuable by many. In addition, some Council members emphasised that the timing of the trip was important in light of the current political impasse to send a message to the president and other political actors that a solution must be found as soon as possible to move forward with the conduct of free, fair, transparent and inclusive elections, and that political actors must find an appropriate compromise to achieve this goal.
For some Council members, it was important to learn more about the activities of MINUSTAH. The various aspects of the work of its military component was of particular interest in light of the scheduled drawdown of about half of MINUSTAH’s military component after the next Secretary-General’s report due in March, in accordance with resolution 2180. Some Council members emphasised the importance of trying to assess the impact that the drawdown will have and the possible impact of future adjustments in troop levels. In this regard, they also wanted to learn more about the capacities of the government forces, in particular the capacity of the Haitian police, to replace any voids created, as well as the capabilities of the UN Country Team to replace some of MINUSTAH’s operations. In addition, another point of focus was how MINUSTAH’s future configuration may be affected by the fact that elections were not held as expected, before the drawdown scheduled for March. It seems that several Council members are now of the impression that given the current political stalemate, any further changes to MINUSTAH’s troop numbers should not be considered at this point and a more gradual approach may be preferable until clarity is gained in this respect. Other Council members who have been less convinced that peacekeepers are needed if the security situation on the ground remains stable, may not have had their perception drastically altered by this visit as the security situation appeared stable at this juncture.
A briefing on the visiting mission, where Barros and Power are expected to brief the Council as the co-leads of the visit, is currently scheduled for Thursday. A written report on the Council’s visiting mission is expected to issued at a later date.
posted on SUN 25 JAN 2015 7:33 PMDispatches from the Field: Council Meetings in Haiti
Day 1: Meetings with MINUSTAH and Haitian Government On Friday (23 January), the Security Council arrived in Haiti for its three day visiting mission. Council members began their visit at the Port-au-Prince compound of the UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH), where they first had a working lunch with MINUSTAH senior officials, lead by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General Sandra Honoré, Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General Carl Alexandre and the resident coordinator and Deputy Special Representative of the… Read more »
posted on FRI 23 JAN 2015 12:22 PMDispatches from the Field: The Security Council Arrives in Haiti
23 January. Port-au-Prince: The Security Council has just landed in Haiti for a three day visiting mission. The mission will be co-led by Ambassadors Cristián Barros Melet (Chile) and Samantha Power (US). (The Council last visited Haiti in February 2012.) The visit will begin with a working lunch with Special Representative of the Secretary-General Sandra Honoré and other UN senior officials.… Read more »
posted on THU 22 JAN 2015 5:00 PMArria-Formula Meeting on Human Rights in UN Peace Operations
Tomorrow morning (23 January), Lithuania is hosting an Arria-formula meeting with heads of human rights components of UN peace operations. The meeting, which is open to Council members and invited UN staff only, is expected to focus on the impact of Council resolutions on how human rights work is carried out in peace operations.… Read more »
posted on WED 21 JAN 2015 5:31 PMBriefings on the DRC: MONUSCO and Sanctions
Tomorrow morning (22 January), the Council will be briefed on the situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) by Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations Hervé Ladsous and by Special Representative Martin Kobler, the head of the UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the DRC (MONUSCO). The Council will also be briefed by the Chair of the 1533 DRC Sanctions Committee, Dina Kawar (Jordan), on the report of the Group of Experts assisting the Committee. The briefings will be followed by… Read more »
posted on TUE 20 JAN 2015 4:19 PMUkraine Briefing by the Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs
Tomorrow afternoon (21 January) the Security Council will hold a public briefing on Ukraine at the request of Lithuania. Jeffrey Feltman, Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs, will brief the Council on the latest developments and political situation in Ukraine. Ambassador Yuriy Sergeyev, the permanent representative of Ukraine to the UN, is also expected to participate in the meeting.… Read more »
posted on TUE 20 JAN 2015 11:31 AMDiscussion on Commission of Inquiry Report on the Central African Republic
This afternoon (20 January), Council members will meet for an Informal Interactive Dialogue on the final report (S/2014/928) of the International Commission of Inquiry (CoI) on the Central African Republic (CAR), established by the Council in resolution 2127 of 5 December 2013 to investigate reports of violations of international humanitarian law, international human rights law and abuses of human rights in the CAR. Council members will be briefed by two of the three commissioners, Fatimata M’Baye and Philip Alston. The… Read more »
posted on MON 19 JAN 2015 6:21 PMBriefing on Deteriorating Situation in Yemen
Tomorrow morning (20 January), the Council is expected to hold consultations on Yemen with Special Adviser of the Secretary-General Jamal Benomar briefing via video tele-conference. The UK, the penholder on Yemen, requested the meeting this morning following the reports that fighting had erupted earlier today in Yemen’s capital Sana’a between Houthi forces and members of Yemen’s presidential guard. It is possible that the UK will circulate a draft press statement that could be discussed during the meeting.… Read more »
posted on MON 19 JAN 2015 12:09 PMCouncil to Adopt Presidential Statement on Boko Haram
Later today (19 January), the Council is expected to adopt a presidential statement on Boko Haram. (Boko Haram is not formally on the Council’s agenda and the adoption will be under the “Threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts” agenda item.) Nigeria circulated the draft on Friday night (16 January) and following comments by email on Saturday, the draft was put under silence until Sunday morning (18 January). Adoption is planned this afternoon, following the open debate… Read more »
posted on WED 14 JAN 2015 5:32 PMMiddle East Open Debate
Tomorrow (15 January), the Security Council will convene for its first Middle East quarterly open debate of the year, with a briefing by Assistant Secretary-General of Political Affairs Jens Toyberg-Frandzen. Interventions by the new Council members - Angola, Malaysia, New Zealand, Spain and Venezuela - will likely outline their respective positions on the current state of the Middle East peace process and signal their views as to what role the Council ought to play in advancing prospects for a negotiated… Read more »