posted on THU 18 DEC 2014 6:42 PM
Terrorism and Transnational Organised Crime: Open Debate and Resolution

Tomorrow morning (19 December), the Security Council is set to adopt a resolution on the linkages between transnational organised crime and terrorism in some regions during an open debate chaired by the Minister for Foreign Affairs and African Integration of Chad, Moussa Faki Mahamat. The Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs, Jeffrey Feltman and the AU Permanent Observer to the UN, Téte António, will brief the Council. The draft resolution was circulated by Chad late in November and several rounds of negotiations were held. Following a silence procedure that ended this morning, the draft was put in blue.

On 4 December, Chad circulated a concept note (S/2014/869) that focuses on how the intersection of terrorism and cross-border crime weakens state capacities and reinforces terrorist groups which can rival state authority. The note also highlights the impact of the linkages between cross-border crime and terrorism in relation to the Council’s conflict prevention and resolution efforts by reinforcing the role of potential spoilers, increasing the risk for relapse or favoring cross-border conflict spillover.

The earlier versions of the draft resolution included several of the issues outlined in the concept note. Given the opposition of certain Council members to introducing new language on some of these issues, the current draft largely builds on language from recent resolutions and presidential statements. Some new language, nevertheless, has been added, particularly in relation to the role of transnational organised crime in supporting terrorism.

In the draft resolution the Council expresses its concern that “terrorists benefit from transnational organised crime in some regions, including from the trafficking of arms, persons, drugs, and artifacts and from the illicit trade in natural resources…as well as from kidnapping from ransom”. The draft encourages member states and relevant organisations, as appropriate, to enhance cooperation and strategies to prevent terrorists from benefiting from transnational organised crime, and to build the capacity to secure their borders and investigate and prosecute such terrorists and transnational organised criminals working with them.

During the negotiations, it seems that the Latin American Council members questioned whether the connection between terrorism and transnational organised crime could be applied worldwide. As a compromise, while retaining its universal scope, the draft resolution qualifies the connection between transnational organised crime and terrorism by referring to “some regions”, and to Africa. The draft focuses its scope on those terrorist groups benefiting from transnational organised crime, referring specifically to AlQaida in several paragraphs.

During the negotiations, there were also discussions over the scope of a report requested from the Secretary-General. The original draft asked the Secretary-General to conduct a review of the UN system’s efforts to reduce the “strategic space” that cross-border crime affords terrorist groups, but some members considered this to be too broad. The draft in blue instead requests the Secretary-General to submit a report on the efforts of the UN entities to address the threat of terrorists benefiting from transnational organised crime in affected regions, including Africa, “with respect to matters with which the Council is seized”.

Supported by Council members from affected regions, the resolution places emphasis on providing of capacity (both by the UN and bilaterally) to member states in order to reduce the negative impact of terrorists benefiting from transnational organised crime. However, it seems that some Council members insisted on making it clear that capacity building provided by the UN, would be done “within existing mandates and resources”.
There were lengthy discussions among Council members regarding the addition of a paragraph on the importance of incorporating the participation of women and youth in developing strategies to counter terrorism and violent extremism but the paragraph was finally retained.

Language related to the negative impact of transnational organised crime on the protection of civilians and particular examples regarding how transnational organised crime complicates conflict prevention and resolution efforts was dropped during the negotiation process. Several of the issues which were developed in the concept note circulated by Chad but were not reflected in the resolution to be adopted tomorrow may be raised by some of the member states participating in the open debate.

posted on WED 17 DEC 2014 4:56 PM
Debate on Afghanistan

Tomorrow morning (18 December), the Council is expected to hold its quarterly debate on the situation in Afghanistan. Nicholas Haysom, Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), and Yuri Fedotov, the Executive Director of the UN Office on Drugs and Crime, are expected to brief.… Read more »

posted on TUE 16 DEC 2014 2:01 PM
Briefing on the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Tomorrow (17 December), Council members will be briefed by video tele-conference in consultations on the situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) by Special Representative Martin Kobler, head of the UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the DRC (MONUSCO). Assistant Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations Edmond Mulet will also participate. At press time an outcome seemed unlikely.… Read more »

posted on MON 15 DEC 2014 7:01 PM
UN-AU Partnership: Open Debate and Negotiations on Presidential Statement

Tomorrow (16 December), the Security Council will hold an open debate on “Peace Operations: The UN-AU Partnership and Its Evolution”. The UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and the head of the AU Mission in Mali and the Sahel, Pierre Buyoya, are expected to brief. It was unclear at press time if a presidential statement would be adopted during the debate as planned as negotiations were still ongoing (presidential statements need agreement from all 15 members and one permanent member had concerns… Read more »

posted on MON 15 DEC 2014 2:14 PM
Presidential Statement on South Sudan

This afternoon (15 December) the Council is expected to adopt a presidential statement recognising the one year anniversary of the outbreak of the current civil war in South Sudan and once again suggesting appropriate measures against those disrupting the peace process. The US, the penholder on South Sudan, circulated the draft to Council members on Thursday evening (11 December). It went through two brief silence periods today, and is on track for adoption this afternoon.… Read more »

posted on MON 15 DEC 2014 10:27 AM
Syria: Adoption of Resolution Reauthorising Cross-Border Humanitarian Access

The penholders on the humanitarian track on Syria—Australia, Jordan and Luxembourg—are expecting to put a draft resolution reauthorising the humanitarian access provisions of resolution 2165 in blue for a vote later this week. Australia and Luxembourg have led on the humanitarian track over the last two years (joined by Jordan in 2014) and are looking to secure the reauthorisation before they leave the Council on 31 December. (Resolution 2165 of 14 July authorised UN agencies and their implementing partners to… Read more »

posted on THU 11 DEC 2014 6:11 PM
Adoption of Resolution on Resolute Support Mission (Afghanistan)

Tomorrow morning (12 December) the Council is expected to adopt a resolution on the Resolute Support Mission (RSM), a NATO mission designed to train, advise and assist Afghan security forces post-2014. The draft resolution was put under silence this morning until late afternoon; silence was not broken and the draft is now in blue.… Read more »

posted on THU 11 DEC 2014 3:37 PM
ICC Prosecutor Briefing on Darfur

Tomorrow morning (12 December), ICC Prosecutor Fatou Bensouda is scheduled to provide the semi-annual briefing to the Council on the Court’s work with regard to Darfur. This will mark the 20th report of the ICC prosecutor to the Council since the adoption of resolution 1593 (31 March 2005), which referred the situation in Darfur to the ICC and invited the prosecutor to “address the Council within three months of the date of adoption of this resolution and every six months… Read more »

posted on WED 10 DEC 2014 4:41 PM
Yemen Sanctions Briefing and Consultations with Special Adviser

Tomorrow (11 December), the Security Council will have two meetings on Yemen. The first will be a briefing by the chair of the 2140 Yemen Sanctions Committee, Ambassador Raimonda Murmokaité (Lithuania). This will be followed by consultations with the Secretary-General’s Special Adviser on Yemen, Jamal Benomar.… Read more »

posted on WED 10 DEC 2014 1:23 PM
Briefing by Special Envoy for the Sahel

Tomorrow morning (11 December), the Security Council will be briefed by the Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for the Sahel, Hiroute Guebre Sellassie. This briefing is in line with the 27 August 2014 presidential statement in which the Council requested that it be informed of the progress towards the implementation of the UN’s integrated Sahel strategy through an oral briefing by 15 December. (A written report is due on 30 November 2015, S/PRST/2014/17).… Read more »